Córdoba, 1928 - Madrid, 2017.
He studied at the Santa Isabel School of Fine Arts of Hungary in Seville since 1944. In 1950 he graduated in Fine Arts and exhibited at the Municipal Art Hall of Córdoba. The following year, he began his stage as Professor of Drawing at the School of Arts and Crafts in Córdoba.
In 1954 he founded the ephemeral Space Group with his friend Juan Serrano. His first influences came from the hand of Daniel Vázquez Díaz.
In 1956 he traveled to Paris in 1956 with Juan Serrano they met the gallery owner Kanhweiler and visited Picasso in Vallauris. They began their visits to the Rond Point café in Paris, where later, in May 1957, was born f the Grupo 57 as art group. The group was dissolved in 1963, with the arrest of Agustín Ibarrola. At that time, José Duarte rethink his goals as an artist.
By 1965 the painter joined the group of engravers Estampa Popular, and took part in many of they exhibitions. A figurative stage began and he never abandoned it. From an expressionist figuration full of irony (deformed children, nuns, sterile housing blocks, oil barrels), Duarte evolved into increasingly realistic positions. Their farmers are famous, women who reflect the hardness of Andalusian rural life. In 1966 he won the Honor Prize at the Painting and Sculpture Contest of the Diputación de Córdoba.
Until 1980 he worked on similar topics and, at the same time, made numerous exhibitions in Spain and abroad. Between 1981 and 1989, the painter's world went into crisis and there was an eloquent silence until in 1991, he decided to bring to light the work produced throughout that time.
The exhibitions held in Madrid, at the Expo in Seville or in the monograph of Córdoba, show the maturity of their work for which, in 1995 is awarded with the Prize for the Plastic Arts of the Community of Madrid In 1993 he was awarded with the gold medal for Merit of Fine Arts along with all members of Team 57.
In 2013 at the Vimcorsa Hall in Córdoba, the exhibition Living from the entrails was presented curated by Angustias Freijo. 65 works and a set of legacies, photographs and letters belonging to the life of this painter were presented.